The present age of today is blessed by the miracle of technological advances. Computers are one of these miracles that have made our life easier, faster, and more enjoyable. Computers are a groundbreaking technology that has really altered human civilization's path. It has developed from heavy desktop boxes to laptops and mobile phones that are more portable and affordable.
The truth that many rarely speak about, however, is what makes such machines function the way they do. Of course, we're writing about an operating system known as an OS. A machine does not actually operate without an operating system.

What Is An OS (Operating System)?

An operating system (OS) is software for a system that commands computer hardware, assets for software, and provides common computer platform services.
Time-sharing operating systems arrange tasks to use the computer well and may also contain accounting software for processor time value allocation, mass storage, printing, and other resources.

Types of OS

There are 2 main types of OS

  • Server OS
  • Regular / Client OS

Difference Between Server OS And Regular / Client OS

It is important for our topic to explain how to differentiate a server OS from a Regular/Client OS one. The distinctions are very particular.

Regular / Client OS

It is an operating system that works on the desktop. It is used to get a server to obtain services. It runs on laptops, computers, and client devices and is a very simplified operating system.

Server OS

Server OS, on the other hand, is costly and justifiably so. This software allows for unlimited user connections, higher memory capacity, and universal web, email, and database servers.
As it is enhanced for a network rather than catering to a single user, a server OS can handle multiple desktops.
There is a list of top Open-Source Operating System:

  • Ubuntu
  • Fedora
  • CentOS
  • Debian
  • Chromium
  • Haiku

Ubuntu OS

Ubuntu is a complete operating system based on Linux Kernel, freely accessible with support from both the community and professionals. The Ubuntu organization is built on the concepts embodied in the Ubuntu Manifesto: that app should be accessible free of cost, that people should use software tools in their local language and despite any disorders, and that people should have the freedom to customize.
This Operating System is very easy to use and understand. Ubuntu provides free security updates. By default, Ubuntu Operating System included much software like Firefox, Games, LibreOffice, Transmission, and Thunderbird. It is developed on Debian's architecture and is available for different platforms like Desktop, tablet, phone. Every six months it releases a version update.

Fedora

Fedora is free of cost open-source Operating System. It is also based on Linux Kernel. User. The user of this Operating System can customize, modify and distribute it. This Operating System was built with the contribution of the open-source community worldwide. Anyone can contribute to this OS for improving its functionality. It was created in late 2003. The main focus of the Open Source community in this project is based on Innovation and integration of new technology. Fedora Operating System is easy to use and very user friendly project of Linux. It is a very powerful OS for your desktop and laptop.

CentOS

In May 2004, the first CentOS release numbered CentOS version 2. In January 2014, under a new CentOS governing board, CentOS announced that it would officially join Red Hat while staying neutral from RHEL. CentOS fully complies with the redistribution policies of Red Hat, Inc and needs to be compatible with Red Hat Enterprise Linux in a functional way. In order to eliminate trademarked vendor brand identity and artwork, CentOS mainly changes packages.
The CentOS Project is a free and open-source community-driven effort focused on the objective of providing open source communities with a valuable base platform to build upon. As just a few examples, They provide a development framework for cloud providers, the hosting community, and the processing of scientific information.

Debian

Debian, also known as Debian GNU/Linux, is a free and open-source Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Debian Project, which was developed on August 16, 1993, by Ian Murdock. Debian is an operating system and a free software distribution system. Through the work of several developers who participates with their valuable time and effort, it is kept up to date.
Debian is an operating system that supports a vast number of devices, such as laptops, desktops, and servers. Since 1993, users have loved its security and performance. For every package, They provide satisfactory default configurations. Whenever possible, Debian developers provide security updates for all packages throughout their lifetime.

Chromium

Chromium is a free and open-source software project developed by the Google-sponsored Chromium project. The first release of chromium was 2 September 2008. Chromium is a browser project that helps to build a safer, quicker, and more stable way of experiencing the web for all users. It contains design documents, architectural overviews, test data, and more to assist you to learn how to create and work with Chromium.

Haiku

Haiku is a free and open-source Operating System. It is mainly developed for desktop computers. This OS is a completely powerful easy to used Operating System solution. It is developed with the help of open source community members, which offer their work volunteer. It was initially released in 2009. It is written in C++ language and also provides Object-Oriented APIs. This Operating System supported x86 and 32-bit system, 128 MB Ram, and 700 MB hard disk.

MINIX3

MINIX3 is a free and open-source Operating System solution. It is a very flexible, reliable, and secure Operating System. This OS is based on a tiny microkernel. This is compatible with NetBSD. It has been released under the BSD Licence. The main purpose of developing this project is to repair its own fault itself without anyone intervention. It is mainly used in embedded systems and for education.

Syllable

Syllable Desktop is a free and open-source Operating System. This Operating System is very easy to use even for new users. It is a desktop-based Operating System supported by small business and home users. The booting time of this Operating System is very less than take a maximum of ten seconds. It presents a very user-friendly Graphical User Interface
(GUI). It also supports different hardware devices.